Do you know what is the Technical building inspection? We tell you all about ITE and how it affects the sale of flats.
The sale of apartments is one of the most important economic decisions of life, so it is necessary to have all the information about the property so that in the long term you know that you have made a wise decision. In this sense, the Certificate of Technical building inspection (ITE) plays a fundamental role.
For that reason, in this article we tell you everything you need to know about it if you are going to sell or buy a house :
- What is the building inspection?
- Is it mandatory in all buildings?
- Can you sell a house without building inspection?
- How is it used in the sale of real estate?
- How is it done and who does it?
- Building inspection Results
- What do you analyze?
- How much does it cost and who pays it?
- What happens if the building does not pass the building inspection?
What is the Technical building inspection or ITE?
The Technical building inspection is an examination that must be performed periodically in all buildings. During the building inspection, different elements of the property that affect their safety and the quality of life of the people who inhabit it are reviewed.
Is it mandatory that all buildings pass the building inspection?
Yes, all buildings between 30 and 50 years old (depending on the municipality) must pass the Technical building inspection. This includes multi-family buildings, single-family homes or any other type of construction. According to the results of the first ITE, the following must be done every 3, 6 or 10 years.
Can a house be sold without the Technical Building Inspection?
Only if the property is obliged to pass the building inspection, it is mandatory that before the signature before the notary of the contract of sale the seller delivers to the buyer:
- A copy of the report of the Technical building inspection.
- The certificate of proficiency derived from the building inspection.
However, there are exceptions:
- If the aptitude certificate cannot be obtained because the building inspection determines that the building has serious or very serious deficiencies that have not been resolved, the house can be sold with a copy of the building inspection report. This must be accredited with the date of presentation to the administration.
- If there are justified reasons for the seller not to obtain any of the documents, the notary will have to attest to that. In that case the buyer may exonerate the seller from delivering the building inspection.
In any case, the building inspection cannot invalidate a sale , although the notary must attest if the building has the necessary documents, if the certificate of fitness is provisional or if it needs restoration.
How does building inspection affect the sale of a house?
The first thing that is valued when buying a home is the state in which it is located, if it has electricity, etc. It is very important as a seller to teach the building inspection certificate, since
- The buyer can use this aspect as a weapon in his favor in negotiating the final price to buy the house for less money.
- In addition, except for the exceptions mentioned above, it is a fundamental requirement to present the building inspection before the notary if you want to process the public deed of sale .
Without forgetting that the buyer can back down in the purchase decision because:
- To the final price of the house, an extra charge would have to be added to obtain the building inspection certificate of aptitude.
- Not having the building inspection can mean being sanctioned by the administration in the future.
- Banks may refuse to provide mortgage loans.
How is the Technical building inspection or ITE done and who does it?
For a building or any other type of property to pass the Technical Building Inspection, you must follow these steps:
- If you are a private owner, you must request the building inspection budget from the authorized technician (architects, riggers and building engineers). If you are not, it will be the community of owners who must request it.
- The technician will pass you the budget and, after your approval, will arrange a date for the visit.
- On the agreed day, the technician will perform the building inspection visually . You can also ask the property for related documents such as the IEE (Building Evaluation Report) or the EEC ( Energy Efficiency Certificate ), data on reforms and previous building inspection reports.
- After the exam, the technician will issue a qualification that he introduces on an electronic platform. Once the building inspection has been signed, it will be delivered to the Administration so that it can issue the certificate of aptitude .
Results of the Technical building inspection or ITE
The results of the building inspection are valued according to the deficiencies of the building and can be:
- Very serious or serious : a period of 3 years is given to rehabilitate the building and overcome the following building inspection. The proficiency certificate is issued as “precautionary apt”.
- Important : a period of 6 years is given to rehabilitate the building and overcome the following building inspection. The certificate of proficiency is issued as “provisional qualification”
- Slight or no deficiencies : a period of 10 years is given to perform the following building inspection. The fitness certificate is issued as “eligible.”
What does the building inspection analyze?
During the examination of the property, the authorized technician should check:
- General networks of plumbing and sanitation.
- The state of the structure and the foundation
- The interior, exterior and median eras facades.
- The elements of accessibility.
- The cornices, the projections, the flights and the ornamental elements.
- Decks and roofs.
How much does the building inspection cost and who pays it?
Today there are many options to perform building inspection. The cheapest are around € 100 , but it is not recommended to resort to these low-cost services since they usually offer a less rigorous analysis.
The average price of a Technical Building Inspection is about € 500 , although the size of the farm and the property and the difficulty in analyzing certain sections of the report can make the process more expensive.
In any case, it is the property owner or the community of owners who must pay the building inspection to the technician they hire.
What happens if the property does not pass the building inspection?
- If the report is unfavorable, you will obtain an aptitude certificate of “provisional fit” or “precautionary fit.”
- In both cases, an architect must be hired to carry out the rehabilitation works.
- Once everything is fixed, the building inspection must be passed again and submitted to the official body before the deadline marked on the certificate (3 or 6 years).
- If one or more neighbors do not want to make the relevant reforms, the process can be delayed and exceed the deadlines. In this case, the building inspection will end up being carried out through a court order.
Failure to meet the stipulated deadlines for such building inspection may result in serious penalties. These depend on the municipal ordinances of each municipality and in some cases can lead to fines of € 6,000.
Not having the building inspection of the property can also generate other consequences, whether you are a home buyer or an owner. For example, they can deny you the mortgage or paralyze the sales process.
Help to buy a house with building inspection?
The seller of a house has the obligation to inform the buyer about the situation of the property. However, in many cases this obligation is not fulfilled, so it is ideal to have an expert from the real estate sector to help you investigate the state of the property, in addition to other legal procedures.