As per the latest research, it is estimated that one in every 500 individuals across the world is affected by kidney stones and its related diseases. Over the given lifetime, one in 8 men & one in 16 women is known to develop this disease.
Kidney stones can be referred to as the build-up of dissolved minerals along with the inner linings of the kidney. The dissolved minerals in kidney stones are known to consist of calcium oxalate in most cases. At the same time, kidney stones could be built up from a series of other compounds as well. The size of kidney stones tends to vary from one individual to another. In some typical cases, it might even grow to become the size of a golf ball with its sharp, crystalline structure.
At the same time, there are instances of smaller, more delicate stones as well that quickly pass through the urinary tract. However, upon leaving the body, kidney stones are known to cause immense pain.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones
In most cases, kidney stones could feature no signs unless these move into the ureter. As the symptoms related to kidney stones become quite apparent, you can experience the following:
- Reduced excretion of urine
- Blood in urine
- Severe pain on the sides or in the groin
- Nausea and vomiting
- Urination with a burning sensation
- Chills and fever if there happens to be some infection as well
- A constant feeling to urinate
Causes of Kidney Stones
One of the primary reasons for the formation of kidney stones in the body is the lack of ample water. Stones are known to be found in individuals entirely commonly known to drink less water in comparison to the recommended 8-10 glasses of water daily.
When there is a lack of proper water content in the kidneys for diluting uric acid, the urine tends to become highly acidic. The presence of an acidic environment in the body leads to the generation of kidney stones. Some of the additional medical conditions like renal tubular acidosis, urinary tract infections, Crohn’s disease, dent’s disease, hyperparathyroidism, and so more are also linked with the creation of kidney stones in the body.
Risk Factors Associated with Stone Diseases
The risk factor for kidney stones and other related diseases are categorized into:
Non-dietary risk factors: Patients belonging to the stone-forming family have a higher chance of developing kidney stones in the long run.
Dietary Risk Factors: The composition of your urine is known to depend on several factors, including regulation of the metabolism process by the kidneys, diet, volume intake, and so more. Some of the significant dietary risk factors in the case of kidney stones are oxalate, salt, and high-protein meals. Low urine volume and low intake of calcium are associated with increased risk factors for developing kidney stones.
Make the most of the right treatment option, including the kidney operation cost in India from a reliable healthcare centre like Max Hospitals.