Exploratory application testing is the method of software testing that can be described as test design, test execution and simultaneous learning. This form of testing stresses on the personal freedom and responsibility of each tester who wishes to optimise the quality of his work by using test design, test-related learning, test execution and results to cooperatively support activities that can run in parallel to one another all throughout the assigned project. This form of testing is also known as the black box testing technique and all the users who have studied this technique prefer to use it at any stage in the development process to any test technique.
By using this method, the testers learn new ways to generate new tests that can be run on the systems by applying methods of creativity along with previous experiences. In Exploratory testing, the major role is not of the item being reviewed or tested or what kind of test technique is being used. The major objective is to assess the capability of the cognitive development of the tester in various circumstances and the kind of managerial skills he has to carry out his work efficiently.
What are the advantages of Exploratory Software Testing?
- Not much preparation is needed to carry out this process of testing.
- You can find out the bugs easily.
- The approach becomes more intellectually stimulating during the execution time as compared to the execution of scripted tests.
- You as a tester can use methods of deductive reasoning according to the results of your previous testing experience. Keeping all those prior results, you can frame new methods for future testing.
- In this software testing, you can move on to more target rich environment without completing the current series of scripted tests.
- If you use this method intelligently, you can absolutely accelerate the process of bug detecting.
- After the initial testing is done, you can find out the bugs through exploratory testing itself.
- You do not need to pre-design a test case by putting efforts if you want to run exploratory testing.
- While opting for defect detection, it can be seen that exploratory testing and scripted testing both are effective in doing so but more efficiency can be achieved through an exploratory form of testing.
- Exploratory testing also provides rapid feedback during the test process which saves a lot of time.
What are the disadvantages of Exploratory Testing?
- You can’t review those tests in advance and prevent error codes which are invented and performed on the fly.
- When you revisit the freestyle exploratory test ideas, you can find new errors but you can’t repeat those specific details which you have used earlier.
- If you still want to do so, you need to provide specific instruction and prepare automated tests which are appropriate and feasible and is ideally close to the unit level as much as possible.
- It provides rapid feedback but when it comes to managing the entire test coverage, it fails to do so diligently.
This form of Exploratory Testing is ideal where specifications are incomplete and there is a shortage of time. You can also use this method to find out the most crucial defects.